Main Article Content
The Egyptian cotton sector is considered one of the most important export strategic sectors in Egypt, where the Egyptian government takes many agricultural policies that lead to an increase in exports of that crop to foreign markets, as these policies that the government takes have a major impact on the producers of that crop, and this study examined the impact of Agricultural policies on the Egyptian cotton crop, using the policy analysis matrix to know the effect of government policies on the producers of that crop and also the impact of those policies on Egyptian exports of the cotton crop, and the results showed that when comparing the financial and economic performance of the elements of cotton crop production, the financial performance was less than the economic performance on all cost items except workers' wages , indicating that the Government is subsidizing cost items, thereby supporting cotton producers. Comparing the average variable costs of cotton during the study period financially and economically shows that the financial valuation exceeds the economic valuation, with the average variable costs of $418.36 at market prices  , amounting to $368.84 at world prices, The results also showed that the Nominal Protection Coefficient for the output of the Egyptian cotton in the period under study (2000-2017) was 0.74, indicating the lack of a fair production policy during that period, perhaps due to the fact that the value of the Nominal Protection Coefficient for the production of the Egyptian cotton crop was lower than the correct one. It also indicated that the value of the Nominal Protection Coefficient for production supplies was 0.92, which indicates a decrease in government support for that crop compared to the value of the effective protection factor of 0.72 during the period under study (2000-2017). This indicates that the factor of the cost of domestic resources for the Egyptian cotton crop is 0.47, and this indicates that the Egyptian cotton has a comparative advantage in foreign markets, the study recommended Maintaining the foreign markets of the Egyptian cotton crop, as it has a global comparative and competitive advantage, and provides the state with foreign exchange, which contributes significantly to the Egyptian national economy.
World Bank. World Development Indicators database; 2017.
Abdelmaged, Mohamed N. Economics of Egyptian cotton production and foreign trade, M.Sc. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Assiut; 2011.
Abdelmaqsod, Abdallah, M, Demand for Egyptian cotton in international markets, Ph.D. SC. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Ain- Shams; 2003.
Abdelmola, Khaled, E, Economic study of organic cotton crop in Egypt, Egypt. J. Agri. Sci. 2018;28(2):647-662.
Alhusseini, Lamia S. Problems facing cotton growers in some villages of kafrelsheikh governorate, J. Agric. Econom and Social Sci., Mansoura Univ. 2014;5(6):993–1013.
Abdelrehem Hesham A. Economic study of the impact of some agricultural policies on cotton and rice crops, Egypt. J. Agri. Sci. 2018;28(2):663-686.
Al-Gendi, Mohamed S. An economic study for the production and marketing of cotton in the Arab Republic of Egypt. Mansoura. J. Agri. Sci. 2016;7(5):539-544.
CAPMAS. Foreign Trade Database, Foreign Trade Bulletins, Govt.
Egypt., Cairo; 2017.
MALR. Economic Affairs Sector, the Central Administration for
Agricultural Economics, Bulletin of Agricultural Economics; 2017.
Ahmed, Yousry N. Estimating indicators of Egyptian cotton production during the period 1980-2013 future political scenarios, M.Sc. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Cairo; 2015.
Kamara. Sahar. A, Kotb. Alaa.A, El-Roby. Eman T. Estimation economic price the current and expected for cotton crop in the Arab republic of Egypt, J. Agric. Econom. and Social Sci., Mansoura Univ. 2014; 5(4):501–515.
Abu Hatab, Assem. Performance of Egyptian cotton exports in international market, Agricultural Economics Research Review. 2009;22:225-235.
Attia Rihan M. An economic study of the problems facing cotton production in Egypt (Case Study of Abu Homs Center in Beheira Governorate), J. Agric. Econom. and Social Sci. Mansoura Univ. 2018; 9(2):117–123.
Abdelshahed Magdy L. Economic study to produce and market cotton crop in Egypt, M.Sc. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Mansoura; 2016.
Yousef Hend N, Economic study to liberalize cotton production and marketing in Egypt, M.Sc. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Zagazig; 2001.
Georgi Mona, Fakhry Hanna Basim Doos. Impact of agricultural price policy on some cereal crops grown in Egypt. Egyptian Society for Agricultural Economics, Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2013;23(2):414-434.
Eldaly, Kamal, S. The role of agricultural policy in Egyptian cotton production, Mansoura. J. Agri. Sci. 2014;5(1):89-101.
Hassan, Hassan, A, Comparative analysis of cotton production in Egypt’s governorates, M.Sc. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Ain-Shams; 2016.
Hassan, Sayed, A. Economic effects of price policies for the most important import grain crops in Egypt, M.Sc. Thesis (unpublished). Dept. of Agri. Economics., Univ. Agri., Assiut; 2016.
Darwish, Mohyee Z. An analytical economic study of the factors affecting the future of Egyptian cotton production, Egypt. J. Agri. Sci. 2018;28(9):1233-1250.
El Sayed, Hebat Allah, A. The economics of Egyptian cotton under the
current situation. Mansoura. J. Agri. Sci. 2016;7(9):899-905.
Mansour, Fatma, A, Standard analysis of cotton area limits in Egypt, Mansoura. J. Agri. Sci. 2017;8(10):659-664.