Food Prices and the Challenge of Food Security in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Onyinye Ifeoma Ochuba
Ibeinmo Friday Cookey


High food prices are seen as synonymous with food insecurity. This is because it defiles one of the four cardinals of food security; food accessibility. To ensure the attainment of food security which is a common denominator in the United Nation’s MDGs and SDG as eradication of hunger, food must be economically accessible by all and sundry. Bayelsa State has been bedevilled by exorbitant food prices as confirmed by NBS data released in March 2020 which placed the state as having the highest cost in 15 out of 43 food items reviewed. This placed it as the state where food is most expensive in the federation. This study employing the tool purposive structured interview and schedule sought the view of 400 traders from five markets in the state capital, Yenagoa. Also 15 food truck drivers were interviewed. Using frequencies and percentages, the result showed that the key contributors to high food prices in the state are high dependence on food importation from within and outside the nation as the natives are not farmers, activities of touts, oil pollution, absence of large mechanized farms in the state, poor road network among others. The study strongly suggests the harmonisation of taskforce collecting agencies to eradicate multiple levies that are currently ongoing. It also suggested improved investment in agriculture by both public and private sectors with comparative advantage in mind to ensure that the potentials of the state in agriculture are adequately harnessed.

Food accessibility, agriculture, climate change, agricultural investments, aquaculture

Article Details

How to Cite
Ochuba, O. I., & Cookey, I. F. (2020). Food Prices and the Challenge of Food Security in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting, 16(4), 17-27.
Original Research Article


Maslow A. The Neurotypical Site; 1943.

(Retrieved May 7, 2020)


World of Molecules. Food Molecules; 2015.

(Retrieved June 15, 2020)


United Nations. #Envision2030: 17 goals to transform the world for persons with disabilities; 2015.

(Retrieved May 7, 2020)


Gilbert C, Morgan C. Food price volatility. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society. 2010;3023-3034.

Osabohien RA, Osabohien ES, Urhie E. Food security, institutional framework and technology: Examining the nexus in Nigeria using ARDL approach. Current Nutrition and Food Science. 2018;154- 163.

Food and Agricultural Organisation. Prevalence of undernourishment and progress towards World food Submit. In FAO, The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2011 (p. 45). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2011.

Shaw D. World Food Summit, 1996. In: World Food Security. London: Palgrave Macmillian; 2007.

Food and Agricultural Organisation. Food security information for action, Lesson 1. FAO and EU; 2008.

Asanebi D. A concise view of Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: An interpretation of a Nigerian historian. International Research Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies. 2016;56-63.

Okonta I, Oronto D. Where vultures feast: Shell, human rights and oil. In I. Okonta, & D. Oronto, The Niger Delta: A people and their environment. London: Verso. 2003;246-289.

Bayelsa State Bureau of Public Investment. About Bayelsa; 2015.

(Retrieved June 17, 2020)

Available: bayelsa

Andrew C, Bariweni P. Opportunity cost of forest conservation in Wilberforce Island, Niger Delta Nigeia. Apllied Science, Environment, Management. 2018;1965-1968.

Omasteye S. Dickson turns to agriculture for revenue, job creation, diversificaton; 2018.

(Retrieved June 17, 2020)

Cookey IF, Sigah DA. Climate change and performance of the agricultural sector in Nigeria: A disaggregated approach. International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation. 2020;7(6):48-57. ISSN: 2321-2705.

National Bureau of Statistics. Selected food item prices in Nigeria (Jan 2017 to Mar 2020). Abuja: NBS; 2020.

Osabuohien R, Eze O, Osabohien E, Uche Eseosa EO, GO. Household assess to agricultural credit and agricultural production in Nigeria: A propensity score matching model. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences. 2020;23(1):67-83.

Omonona B, Agoi G. An analysis of food security situation among Nigeria urban households: Evidence from Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 2007;397-406.

Osabohien R, Adeleye N, De Alwis T. Agro-financing and food production in Nigeria. Heliyon. 2020;50-62.

Osabuohien R, Ufua D, Moses C, Osabuohien E. Accountability in agricultural governance and food security in Nigeria. Brazilian Journal of Food Technology. 2020;1902-1913.

Ojo S. Improving labour productivity and technical efficiency in food crop production: A panacea for poverty reduction in Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment. 2004;227-231.

Onwuzuligbo C, Ejikeme J, Ojiako J. Enhancing food security in Anambra State, Nigeria using remote sensing data. Environmental Reviews. 2017;27-44.

Refat Faisal B, Hafizur R, Nur Hossain S, Sultana N, Mohammad I, Ahsan Habib S, et al. Intergrated application of remote sensing and GIS in crop information system-A case study on Aman rice production forecasting using MODIS-NDVI in Bangladesh. AgriEngineering. 2020;264-279.

Okuneye P. Rising cost of food prices and food insecurity in Nigeria and its implication for poverty reduction. CBN Economic and Financial Review. 2010;39:4.

Kothari C, Garg G. Research methodology methods and techniques. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers; 2014.

Waafa T. Environmental-related human right violation in Niger Delta Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies. 2017;355-375.

Ochuba O. Flood insurance: A mitigant for flood induced agricultural lossess. Unpublished Seminar Work; 2019.